Why Is Gold Jewellery Made With 22Kt, 18Kt, and 14Kt?


Gold has been cherished for centuries, admired for its beauty and intrinsic value. When it comes to crafting gold jewellery, you may have noticed that different pieces are made with different variations of karatages like 22Kt, 18Kt, and 14Kt. Have you ever wondered why is that? Let us see below the reasoning behind it:

  • Karat System Basics: Before we dive into the different karatages or Kt, let's understand the karat system. The karatage of gold refers to the purity of the metal, which is measured on a scale of 24. Pure gold is designated as 24 karats, meaning it contains 24 parts of gold out of 24 parts. However, pure gold is too soft for making durable jewellery, so it is often mixed with other metals to enhance its strength and durability.


  1. 22Kt Gold: 22Kt gold is one of the most popular choices for crafting traditional Indian jewellery. It contains 22 parts of gold and 2 parts of other metals, making it 91.6% pure gold. The addition of metals like copper or silver provides the necessary strength to the jewellery without compromising its radiant yellow hue. 22Kt gold is known for its rich appearance and is often used to create intricate designs and detailed craftsmanship.

  2. 18Kt Gold: 18Kt gold is widely used in modern jewellery designs. It consists of 18 parts of gold and 6 parts of other metals, making it 75% pure gold. The addition of a higher percentage of other metals like copper, silver, or palladium imparts greater strength and durability to the jewellery. 18Kt gold strikes a balance between purity and durability, making it a versatile choice for both everyday wear and special occasions.

  3. 14Kt Gold: 14Kt gold is a popular choice in the Western market, known for its durability and affordability. It contains 14 parts of gold and 10 parts of other metals, making it 58.3% pure gold. The higher percentage of other metals lends excellent durability to the jewellery, making it suitable for everyday wear. 14Kt gold is often used for crafting engagement rings, wedding bands, and other pieces that require long-lasting durability.

Now that we understand the different karatages, let's explore why specific karatages are chosen for different types of jewellery.

  1. Durability and Strength: As mentioned earlier, pure gold is soft and malleable, making it prone to scratches, dents, and deformations. By adding other metals, gold becomes stronger and more resistant to wear and tear. The higher the karatage, the softer the gold, and therefore, the more susceptible it is to damage. By using 22Kt gold for traditional Indian jewellery and 18Kt or 14Kt gold for modern designs, jewellers ensure that the jewellery withstands the rigors of daily use.

  2. Colour and Appearance: The addition of other metals also influences the color and appearance of gold jewellery. While pure gold has a vibrant yellow color, the presence of copper or silver imparts a warm, reddish hue to the metal. This is why 22Kt gold exhibits a rich yellow color, while 18Kt and 14Kt gold tend to have a slightly lighter shade. The choice of karatage is often driven by the desired color and aesthetic appeal of the jewellery piece.

The karatage of gold jewellery is determined by factors such as durability, strength, color, and design requirements. 22Kt gold is preferred for traditional Indian jewellery due to its richness and intricate detailing, while 18Kt and 14Kt gold offer a balance of durability and affordability for modern designs.

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